Animals and infections
Animals usually avoid people, but can attack if they feel threatened or are ill or injured. Animals will also approach you if they are used to human contact or if they want something, for example food or drinks.
Keep your distance
Stay away from unknown animals
- Don't touch any animals, including dead animals.
- Don't feed them.
- Don't pet them.
- Make sure they can't lick you.
- Make sure their saliva doesn't get into your eyes or mouth.
- If animals want your food or drink, give it to them.
Camels and dromedaries
Avoid contact with (products from) camels and dromedaries in countries where MERS occurs.
Avoid markets and other places with poultry in countries with a risk of bird flu.
Avoid places that are contaminated with animal or rodent faeces or urine, to prevent infection with hantavirus, leptospirosis and in West Africa Lassa fever.
Avoid bites by scorpions.
Avoid snake bites.
Do not touch fish, anemones, corals or other marine animals.
Ensure that any pets travelling with you do not come into contact with local animals.