This page contains the main health risks for travellers and general recommendations. Travel conditions are different for everyone and each patient's health condition varies. Discuss your trip during a travel consultation with your doctor or in a travel clinic, preferably six to eight weeks before departure.
Check the current security situation on the federal government website.
Important health risks
The malaria risk is:
- high in the southern half of the country including city N‘Djamena whole year round. We recommend the use of mosquito-repellent measures from dusk till morning, in combination with the use of malaria tablets.
- seasonal in a belt between Sahara desert and tropical regions in the south of the country:
- from June till December the malaria risk is high. We recommend the use of mosquito-repellent measures from dusk till morning.
- from January till May the malaria risk is moderate. We recommend the use of of mosquito-repellent measures from dusk till morning. For people with an increased risk, we sometimes recommend preventive malaria tablets, or taking an emergency treatment with you.
- moderate when travelling only to / in the Sahara desert, including city Faya-Largeau.
In case of fever during or after your journey, get tested for malaria as soon as possible.
There is a risk of yellow fever, except in the Sahara.
Other insect-borne diseases
Ticks can transmit diseases such as African tick bite fever.
Dogs and other mammals can be infected with rabies.
There is a risk of infection with schistosomiasis when swimming or bathing in lakes and rivers.
You may experience altitude sickness in areas above 2500 metres.
Girls who visit their family in this country are sometimes circumcised.
Other possible infections
Other frequent health risks while travelling
Read these tips before you leave.
Yellow fever vaccination is recommended for all travellers from the age of nine months.
In addition, vaccination is compulsory if you have been in a country where yellow fever may be present during the last six days (see map). This is not necessary when transiting through an airport.
This vaccination must be administered at least ten days prior to arrival by an official yellow fever vaccination centre and must be registered in an International Certificate of Vaccination and Prophylaxis.
Hepatitis A vaccination is recommended for all travellers.
Update of basic vaccinations
A single booster of polio vaccination is recommended for all travellers to Asia or Africa aged 16 years or older.