Latest update: - Authors: Mieke Croughs, Ula Maniewski-Kelner


This page contains the main health risks for travellers and general recommendations. Travel conditions are different for everyone and each patient's health condition varies. Discuss your trip during a travel consultation with your doctor or in a travel clinic, preferably six to eight weeks before departure.

Check the current security situation on the federal government website.

Important health risks


The malaria risk is:

  • high in the southern half of the country including city N‘Djamena whole year round. We recommend the use of mosquito-repellent measures from dusk till morning, in combination with the use of malaria tablets.
  • seasonal in a belt between Sahara desert and tropical regions in the south of the country:
  • moderate when travelling only to / in the Sahara desert, including city Faya-Largeau.

In case of fever during or after your journey, get tested for malaria as soon as possible.

Yellow fever

There is a risk of yellow fever, except in the Sahara.

Other insect-borne diseases

Insects can transmit diseases such as dengueleishmaniasis and sleeping sickness.

Protect yourself against insects.

Tick-borne diseases

Ticks can transmit diseases such as African tick bite fever.


Dogs and other mammals can be infected with rabies.


There is a risk of infection with schistosomiasis when swimming or bathing in lakes and rivers.

Altitude sickness

You may experience altitude sickness in areas above 2500 metres.

Female circumcision

Girls who visit their family in this country are sometimes circumcised.


Take a look at the general preventive measures related to COVID-19.

Other possible infections 

Other frequent health risks while travelling

Read these tips before you leave.


Yellow fever

Recommended, sometimes mandatory

Yellow fever vaccination is recommended for all travellers from the age of nine months.
In addition, vaccination is compulsory if you have been in a country where yellow fever may be present during the last six days (see map). This is not necessary when transiting through an airport.

This vaccination must be administered at least ten days prior to arrival by an official yellow fever vaccination centre and must be registered in an International Certificate of Vaccination and Prophylaxis.

Hepatitis A


Hepatitis A vaccination is recommended for all travellers.

Update of basic vaccinations




A single booster of polio vaccination is recommended for all travellers to Asia or Africa aged 16 years or older.

Other vaccinations

Recommended for some travellers

Discuss with your doctor whether one of the following vaccinations is recommended for you:


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