Costa Rica

Latest update: - Authors: Mieke Croughs, Ula Maniewski-Kelner

This page contains the main health risks for travellers and general recommendations. Travel conditions are different for everyone and each patient's health condition varies. Discuss your trip during a travel consultation with your doctor or in a travel clinic, preferably six to eight weeks before departure.

Check the current security situation on the federal government website.

Important health risks


The malaria risk is low in the provinces of Limón, Heredia, Alajuela and Puntarenas. We recommend the use of mosquito-repellent measures from dusk till morning.

There is no malaria risk in San José and the remaining parts of the country.

In case of fever during or after your journey, get tested for malaria as soon as possible.

Other insect-borne diseases

Insects can transmit diseases such as denguechikungunyazikaleishmaniasis  and Chagas disease.

Protect yourself against insects.


Ticks can transmit diseases.

Altitude sickness

You may experience altitude sickness in areas above 2500 metres.


Take a look at the general preventive measures related to COVID-19.

Other frequent health risks while travelling

Read these tips before you leave.


Hepatitis A


Hepatitis A vaccination is recommended for all travellers.

Update of basic vaccinations


Other vaccinations

Recommended for some travellers

Discuss with your doctor whether one of the following vaccinations is recommended for you:

Yellow fever

Exceptionally mandatory for some travellers

There is no risk of yellow fever in this country. Vaccination is not necessary if you are travelling from Belgium.    

Vaccination is exceptionally compulsory if you have been in a country where yellow fever may occur in the past six days (see map) from the age of nine months. This is not necessary when transiting through an airport or for travellers coming from Argentina, Panama or Tobago.
This vaccination must be administered at least ten days prior to arrival by an official yellow fever vaccination centre and must be registered in an International Certificate of Vaccination and Prophylaxis.


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