Nipah virus infection is an infection caused by the Nipah virus. Especially flying fox (a kind of large fruit-eating bat) are carriers of this virus. These bats can infect humans or other mammals such as pigs.
After infection with the Nipah virus, some people remain asymptomatic, but most people develop symptoms such as:
- cough, breathing problems
In severe cases, inflammation of the brain may develop, resulting in confusion, convulsions and coma and finally death.
Infection occurs through contact with infected animals (mainly pigs or bats) or their body fluids via contaminated food, or sick people.
The risk for travellers is low.
There is no specific treatment.
- Wash your hands regularly with water and soap.
- Respect basic infection prevention rules.
Eating and drinking
Do not eat or drink anything that may be contaminated by bats, such as uncooked or fermented date palm juice, raw unwashed or unpeeled fruit or fruit that has been nibbled on.
Avoid contact with sick or dead animals.
Avoid places where there are many bats, such as their roosts.
Avoid contact with pigs.
- Avoid contact with sick people or their bodily fluids
There is no vaccine available.